Last updated 19 days ago
Premature ovarian failure (POF) occurs in one in every 1,000 women between the ages of fifteen and twenty-nine. The risk for POF increases significantly by the age of thirty. Read on for information on POF, its causes, and how POF-caused infertility can be treated.
POF is the cessation of menstrual periods before the age of forty. It can occur abruptly over the course of a few months or gradually over years. Some women with POF may experience the symptoms of menopause, such as hot flashes, vaginal dryness, and no menses. A woman with POF will typically begin to have irregular periods that eventually stop. Certain surgeries and therapies can cause POF, but in most cases, a cause is never identified.
There are a number of factors that can cause POF prior to birth or after the onset of puberty. Factors occurring prior to birth include defects in the ovarian follicle, oocyte, or ovary. A chromosomal abnormality in the fetus can cause these defects. Ovarian failure after puberty or in the late 20s and early 30s is likely due to specific disorders. An example of this is ovaries that resist the hormones necessary for ovulation and menses. During cancer therapy, radiation of the ovaries can destroy the eggs, resulting in the permanent loss of menstrual periods. Several anti-tumor drugs can also cause ovarian failure.
Once POF is diagnosed, there is no method of stimulating the ovaries. There are, however, therapeutic approaches to treating POF. A patient with untreated hypothyroidism will be placed on thyroid medication, for example. If autoimmune problems are found in association with POF, steroid therapy may be implemented. New in vitro fertilization technologies have made pregnancy achievable for women with POF. Donor IVF can be performed with an egg from an anonymous or known donor.
Laurence A. Jacobs, M.D. is an infertility specialist who can treat a variety of infertility problems. Located in Chicago, Dr. Jacobs can accurately assess the problem and recommend the most effective treatment plan. Visit our website or call (877) 672-4234 to set up an appointment.
Last updated 25 days ago
Medications, advanced technologies, and minimally invasive surgeries can often provide ways to overcome infertility. However, there are several complementary alternative therapies that can help achieve pregnancy.
Patients who are in good health and know how to properly manage stress seem to have better chances at succeeding in fertility treatment, which can be a very difficult journey. Patients are encouraged to partake in yoga, acupuncture, meditation, and massage to help with the stresses of treatment. Patients might also consider psychological counseling to aid in coping with any stress, frustration, or anger associated with their journey to overcome infertility. All of these practices can also improve a patient’s overall well-being.
Laurence Jacobs, M.D. highly recommends complementary alternative therapies to his patients. Dr. Jacobs’ Chicago-based infertility clinic serves patients with a variety of infertility services, including a program dedicated to fitness for fertility. Visit our website or call (877) 672-4234 to schedule an appointment today.
Last updated 1 month ago
When a lesbian couple decides to create a family with a biological connection, they have a few options to choose from: insemination, sperm donation, and reciprocal IVF. Here is a closer look at each of those options:
A couple can choose artificial insemination with a known donor, or they may choose an anonymous donor. There are three different kinds of artificial insemination. Intravaginal insemination with unwashed sperm is a procedure that can be performed at home or in a physician’s office. Intracervical insemination can be performed with washed or unwashed sperm. This procedure can only take place in a physician’s office. The third option is intrauterine insemination, or IUI. This is performed with washed sperm in a physician’s office.
Another family building option is the use of in vitro fertilization with a sperm donor. This procedure is typically performed in natural cycles without the use of fertility medications. However, fertility medication may be recommended depending on the woman’s age and history of success with donor insemination. Sperm donors may be known or anonymous. Should the couple choose a known donor, it is recommended that both parties seek counseling with a family therapist or psychologist who is familiar with issues that might arise in this kind of arrangement. The sperm donor and couple must also create a notarized legal agreement or contract that outlines parenting rights and responsibilities.
Reciprocal in vitro fertilization (IVF) is a procedure in which one woman’s eggs are used, and the other woman becomes pregnant and carries the child. This process enables both partners to be physically involved in the conception of their child. The partner who provides the eggs for reciprocal IVF must undergo preliminary screening procedures and a process of controlled ovarian stimulation. The ovaries are stimulated with hormonal medications to induce the maturation of multiple eggs.
Laurence A. Jacobs, M.D. performs IUI procedures seven days a week. Dr. Jacobs has been providing this and other advanced treatments at his infertility clinic in Chicago since 1988. If you are considering starting a family with your partner, visit our website or call (877) 672-4234 to schedule an appointment.