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    Traditional Surrogacy for Gay Male Couples

    Last updated 14 days ago

    Surrogacy is an arrangement in which a woman agrees to bring another couple’s baby to term. If you and your partner are thinking of starting your family with the help of a surrogate, it’s time to consult an infertility doctor. An infertility doctor can help you arrange the surrogacy and perform the necessary procedures.

    What Is Surrogacy?

    There are two types of surrogacy. A gestational surrogate, or gestational carrier, bears no biological relationship to the child she carries. Instead, either the future parents or donors provide the sperm and eggs. Gay male couples are ideal candidates for traditional surrogacy. This type of surrogate donates her own egg, which is fertilized with sperm from one of the male partners. However, despite the biological relationship, the surrogate is not involved in parenting the child.

    How Is Surrogacy Achieved?

    There are a few methods a fertility doctor may consider. Since the surrogate is using her own egg to conceive the child, intrauterine insemination (IUI) is often a good option. With this type of fertility treatment, one of the male partners donates his sperm just before the surrogate will ovulate. The sperm is processed and then the fertility doctor uses a catheter to deposit the sperm directly into the uterus. Sometimes, ovulation-inducing medications are used to increase the chances of a successful pregnancy. However, gay male couples may also choose to use in vitro fertilization (IVF) to conceive a child via surrogacy. With IVF, the fertility doctor extracts eggs from the surrogate and one of the male partners donates sperm. The eggs are then fertilized in a laboratory. Then, one or more healthy embryos are transferred to the uterus.

    What Factors Should Be Considered?

    Couples should consider legal and financial issues before agreeing to a surrogacy. The contract for each surrogate arrangement is different. Typically, the future parents are responsible for all of the financial obligations. A legal contract should also address the relinquishing of the surrogate’s parental rights.

    Laurence A. Jacobs, M.D., is a Mayo Clinic-trained Chicago infertility doctor who welcomes prospective parents from all walks of life. When you and your partner are ready to begin building your family together, give us a call at (877) 672-4234. Our infertility clinic offers a comprehensive range of infertility services, including surrogacy.

    Can Drinking Green Tea Increase Fertility?

    Last updated 21 days ago

    Infertility is a complex issue that can be caused by a number of different factors. If you’re experiencing difficulty becoming pregnant, your best option is to consult an infertility doctor and explore possible treatments. However, many patients prefer to integrate medical treatments with complementary therapies, such as drinking green tea.

    As you’ll learn by watching this video, the research involving green tea and fertility is still inconclusive. Some studies have demonstrated significant benefits when women consume one cup of green tea per day, while other studies haven’t shown a definitive link. This expert recommends drinking green tea as part of an overall healthy lifestyle.

    If you’re looking for a Chicago infertility doctor who incorporates complementary therapies into an overall fertility treatment program, look no further than Laurence A. Jacobs, M.D. You can call our fertility clinic at (877) 672-4234 or explore complementary therapies on our website.

    Addressing the Physical Impact of Recurrent Miscarriage

    Last updated 29 days ago

    If you’ve suffered two or more miscarriages, it’s a good idea to consult an infertility doctor. Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is an emotionally devastating issue; it also has implications for your physical health. It can take a few weeks or even longer to recover physically from such a traumatic event. You’ll experience vaginal bleeding, breast discomfort, and lower abdominal pain. You should restrict your activities until you feel fully recovered.

    When you’re ready to become pregnant again, an infertility doctor can help you determine the possible physical causes of RPL. Often, recurrent miscarriage is due to poor egg quality, typically as a result of being older than 35. Your reproductive endocrinologist may recommend IVF with genetic testing of embryos (PGS – Preimplantation Genetic Screening).  In some cases, your infertility doctor may recommend using an egg donor. Some treatable causes of RPL include hormonal abnormalities, uterine abnormalities, and blood clotting issues.

    Laurence A. Jacobs, M.D., is a Chicago infertility doctor who understands the complexities involved with recurrent miscarriage. In addition to our infertility treatments, we offer complimentary psychological counseling to help you cope. Please call (877) 672-4234 if you have any questions.

    Understanding How a Woman's Age Affects Her Fertility

    Last updated 1 month ago

    These days, many couples are delaying starting their families until they’re in their thirties or even later. Often, this is because many women prefer to wait to have children until they’re well established in their career fields, or because they haven’t found the right partner yet. Although age has a significant effect on a woman’s fertility, an infertility doctor can help an older woman conceive a child with the help of reproductive medicine technologies, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF).

    Ovarian Reserve

    Women do not produce more eggs throughout their lifetimes. Instead, they are born with all of the eggs their bodies will have. Throughout a woman’s life, her supply of eggs, known as her ovarian reserve, gradually declines. At menopause, there are no more healthy eggs left. As the ovarian reserve declines, the remaining eggs become less sensitive to the effects of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). In addition, other factors can contribute to the loss of ovarian reserve, including prior ovarian surgery, a family history of premature menopause, and tobacco use.

    Egg Quality

    The quantity of the eggs isn’t the only important factor in a woman’s fertility. As a woman grows older, the quality of the eggs becomes compromised. A normal egg will have 23 chromosomes. When fertilized by sperm, it should have 46 chromosomes. However, as a woman matures, the eggs, once fertilized by sperm, are more likely to undergo chromosome errors. In most cases, an embryo with abnormal chromosomes will not result in a pregnancy. In the event that pregnancy does occur, the woman has a higher risk of miscarriage. If the baby is brought to term, conditions such as Down syndrome are more likely.

    To learn whether you could be a good candidate for IVF, schedule a consultation with Laurence A. Jacobs, M.D. Dr. Jacobs is a Chicago infertility doctor who offers comprehensive, compassionate fertility care, including IVF. Call (877) 672-4234 to learn more, or browse through some of our patient reviews on our website.

    What Is Premature Ovarian Failure?

    Last updated 1 month ago

    Premature ovarian failure (POF) occurs in one in every 1,000 women between the ages of fifteen and twenty-nine. The risk for POF increases significantly by the age of thirty. Read on for information on POF, its causes, and how POF-caused infertility can be treated

    POF is the cessation of menstrual periods before the age of forty. It can occur abruptly over the course of a few months or gradually over years. Some women with POF may experience the symptoms of menopause, such as hot flashes, vaginal dryness, and no menses. A woman with POF will typically begin to have irregular periods that eventually stop. Certain surgeries and therapies can cause POF, but in most cases, a cause is never identified.


    There are a number of factors that can cause POF prior to birth or after the onset of puberty. Factors occurring prior to birth include defects in the ovarian follicle, oocyte, or ovary. A chromosomal abnormality in the fetus can cause these defects. Ovarian failure after puberty or in the late 20s and early 30s is likely due to specific disorders. An example of this is ovaries that resist the hormones necessary for ovulation and menses. During cancer therapy, radiation of the ovaries can destroy the eggs, resulting in the permanent loss of menstrual periods. Several anti-tumor drugs can also cause ovarian failure.


    Once POF is diagnosed, there is no method of stimulating the ovaries. There are, however, therapeutic approaches to treating POF. A patient with untreated hypothyroidism will be placed on thyroid medication, for example. If autoimmune problems are found in association with POF, steroid therapy may be implemented. New in vitro fertilization technologies have made pregnancy achievable for women with POF. Donor IVF can be performed with an egg from an anonymous or known donor.

    Laurence A. Jacobs, M.D. is an infertility specialist who can treat a variety of infertility problems. Located in Chicago, Dr. Jacobs can accurately assess the problem and recommend the most effective treatment plan. Visit our website or call (877) 672-4234 to set up an appointment. 

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